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Defending Against Allegations of Unlawful Physician “Self-Referrals” and Anti-Kickback Violations

The Stark Law and Anti-Kickback Statute are federal laws that impose civil and criminal penalties for a wide range of practices in the context of providing Medicare and Medicaid-reimbursed health care services. While these statutes are extraordinarily complex, much of their focus is on prohibiting transactions that result in referral fees and other forms of compensation being paid out of federal health care benefit programs. This includes payments made in connection with “self-referrals,” where a physician refers a patient to a health care provider in which he or she owns a financial interest or maintains a financial relationship.

Federal law enforcement and health care agencies such as the Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of Inspector General (OIG) have taken a strong stance against Stark Law and Anti-Kickback Statute violations. With the potential for penalties including civil fines, loss of Medicare and Medicaid eligibility, and even federal imprisonment, any health care provider facing an investigation or audit under these statutes must take its situation very seriously. An investigation does not have to lead to a conviction, or even federal charges. Providers accused of paying or receiving unlawful compensation will often have several defenses available.

Safe Harbors and Exceptions in Stark Law and Anti-Kickback Statute Investigations

While the Stark Law and the Anti-Kickback Statute contain broad prohibitions, they both also include numerous safe harbors and exceptions that physicians and other providers can use to insulate themselves from liability. These provisions include (but are not limited to):

Raleigh Federal Criminal Defense Attorneys for Physicians and Health Care Providers

If your business or practice is facing a federal investigation or health care contractor audit, we can help. Our attorneys bring decades of experience to representing clients accused of federal health care law violations in North Carolina. To get started with a confidential initial consultation, please call (919) 833-3114 or submit our online contact form today.


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Cheshire Parker Schneider, PLLC 133 Fayetteville Street Suite 400 Raleigh, NC 27601 | Phone: (919) 833-3114